10.1 | Analyzing source code | Importing external issues | Generic issue import format

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Generic issue import format

SonarQube supports a generic import format for raising external issues in code. You can use this format to import issues from your favorite linter even if there's no plugin for it. SonarQube also supports several third-party issue report formats, and issues imported from SARIF reports

External issues and the rules that raise them must be managed in the configuration of your linter.

Import

The analysis parameter sonar.externalIssuesReportPaths accepts a comma-delimited list of paths to reports.

Each report must contain, at the top level, an array of Issue objects named issues.

Issue fields:

  • engineId - String
  • ruleId - String
  • primaryLocation - Location object
  • type - String. One of BUG, VULNERABILITY, CODE_SMELL
  • severity - String. One of BLOCKER, CRITICAL, MAJOR, MINOR, INFO
  • effortMinutes - Integer, optional. Defaults to 0
  • secondaryLocations - Array of Location objects, optional

Location fields:

  • message - String
  • filePath - String
  • textRange - TextRange object, optional for secondary locations only

TextRange fields:

  • startLine - Integer. 1-indexed
  • endLine - Integer, optional. 1-indexed
  • startColumn - Integer, optional. 0-indexed
  • endColumn - Integer, optional. 0-indexed

Example

Here is an example of the expected format:

{ "issues": [
    {
      "engineId": "test",
      "ruleId": "rule1",
      "severity":"BLOCKER",
      "type":"CODE_SMELL",
      "primaryLocation": {
        "message": "fully-fleshed issue",
        "filePath": "sources/A.java",
        "textRange": {
          "startLine": 30,
          "endLine": 30,
          "startColumn": 9,
          "endColumn": 14
        }
      },
      "effortMinutes": 90,
      "secondaryLocations": [
        {
          "message": "cross-file 2ndary location",
          "filePath": "sources/B.java",
          "textRange": {
            "startLine": 10,
            "endLine": 10,
            "startColumn": 6,
            "endColumn": 38
          }
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "engineId": "test",
      "ruleId": "rule2",
      "severity": "INFO",
      "type": "BUG",
      "primaryLocation": {
        "message": "minimal issue raised at file level",
        "filePath": "sources/Measure.java"
      }
    }
]}

Limitations

There are a couple of limitations with importing external issues:

  • You can't manage them within SonarQube. For example, you can't mark them as false positives.
  • You can't manage the activation of the rules that raise these issues within SonarQube. External rules aren't visible on the Rules page or reflected in quality profiles.

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